Efficacy of vitamin E in protection against methotrexate induced placental injury in albino rats

Sara Mohamed Naguib Abdel Hafez, Eman Elbassuoni, Walaa Yehia Abdelzaher, Nermeen N Welson, Gaber El-Saber Batiha, Khalid J Alzahrani, Fatma Alzhraa Fouad Abdelbaky

Biomed Pharmacother . 2021 Jul;139:111637. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2021.111637. Epub 2021 May 6.

Abstract

Methotrexate (MXT) is a chemotherapeutic drug that has been used in a wide range of clinical practices. Unfortunately, the administration of MXT during pregnancy may induce abortion, fetal deformities, and intrauterine growth retardation. Vitamin E is an antioxidant agent that can ameliorate free radical damage. The current work aimed to shed more light on the possible protective effect of vitamin E against MXT induced placental toxicity and to determine the possible mechanisms; biochemically, histologically, and immunohistochemically. Four groups were used: control pregnant, Vitamin E (VIT E) pregnant, Methotrexate (MXT) pregnant, and Vitamin E Methotrexate (VIT E-MXT) pregnant. The placental tissues were processed for light, immunohistochemical, and electron microscopic study. Other samples were obtained for biochemical study; the placental oxidant/antioxidant status was evaluated. The results showed that MXT caused various placental morphological changes in the form of distorted chorionic projection with an accumulation of hemosiderin granules in the trophoblastic cells. Maternal blood vessels showed a homogenous acidophilic material Edema of the extra-embryonic fetal membranes was noticed. A significant decreased in placental weight as well as increase in the oxidative and inflammatory markers were detected. Increased COX2 and decreased eNOS expressions were observed in the MXT group if compared to the control group. VIT E significantly restored the normal histological and immunohistochemical appearance, placental weight, and oxidant/antioxidant balance. It could be concluded the biochemical, morphological, and morphometric findings suggested that vitamin E coadministration is promising in attenuating the placental toxic effect of methotrexate. In this study, VIT E decreased the inflammatory and oxidative stress effect of methotrexate on the placental tissue by enhancing the level of eNOS.

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Mechanisms underlying protective effects of vitamin E against mycotoxin deoxynivalenol-induced oxidative stress and its related cytotoxicity in primary human brain endothelial cells

Pochuen Shieh, Shu-Shong Hsu, Wei-Zhe Liang

Environ Toxicol . 2021 Jul;36(7):1375-1388. doi: 10.1002/tox.23133. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Abstract

Fusarium mycotoxins are one of the largest families of mycotoxins. Among these mycotoxins, deoxynivalenol is the most widespread pollutant of grains. However, the mechanism underlying the effect of deoxynivalenol on cytotoxicity in human brain endothelial cells was still unclear. This study examined whether deoxynivalenol induced oxidative stress-associated cytotoxicity in primary human brain endothelial cells (HBEC-5i), and explored whether Vitamin E (VE), a selective antioxidant, had protective effects on deoxynivalenol-treated cells. Deoxynivalenol (10-50 μM) concentration-dependently induced cytotoxicity in HBEC-5i cells. Deoxynivalenol (IC50 = 20 μM) activated mitochondrial apoptotic pathway by modulating antioxidant protein expressions (Nrf2, HO-1 and NQO1). More significantly, pre-treatment with VE (20 μM) attenuated the deoxynivalenol-induced cytotoxicity in this cell model. Together, VE significantly alleviated the apoptotic effects of deoxynivalenol in HBEC-5i cells suggesting that it protected the cells against deoxynivalenol-induced oxidative damage. Our findings provided new insight that VE had the potential to ameliorate neurotoxicity of deoxynivalenol.

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The association of vitamin D and vitamin E levels at birth with bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants

Haiyan Ge, Weina Liu, Huimin Li, Ming Zhang, Mengbin Zhang, Chao Liu, Yanxia Qiao

Pediatr Pulmonol . 2021 Jul;56(7):2108-2113. doi: 10.1002/ppul.25414. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Abstract

Background: Despite improvements made in neonatal care, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is still the most common respiratory disease in preterm infants. The relationship between the blood contents of vitamin D/E in premature infants and BPD is still controversial.

Methods: Preterm infants were recruited as the research subjects. On the basis of the inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 133 eligible cases were finally included. A total of 63 preterm infants with a clear diagnosis of BPD and 5 preterm infants who died before the diagnosis of BPD were in the case group, and 65 non-BPD preterm infants with equivalent baseline characteristics were in the control group. The BPD group included 38 cases in Grade Ⅰ, 18 cases in Grade Ⅱ, and 12 cases in Grade Ⅲ. The contents of vitamin D and E in the cord blood of different groups were detected by high-performance liquid chromatography and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Correlation analysis adopted the Pearson correlation analytic method.

Results: The serum vitamin D and E levels at birth were remarkably lower in the BPD group than the non-BPD group, both of which were also correlated with the severity of BPD. The vitamin D and E contents were negatively correlated with the oxygen support duration required for premature infants with BPD.

Conclusion: This study deepens our understanding of the field of BPD pathogenesis by demonstrating an association between vitamin D/E deficiency and BPD severity, suggesting that vitamin D and E might have potential clinical value in the prognosis and treatment of BPD.

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